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CASE BASED REVIEW
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Post corona virus Disease-19 (COVID-19): Hyper inflammatory syndrome-associated bilateral anterior uveitis and multifocal serous retinopathy secondary to steroids


1 Department of Uveitis and Ocular immunology, Narayana Nethralaya, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Divisha Arthritis and Medical Center, Manipal Hospitals, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Neuro-Ophthalmology, Cornea and Refractive Surgery, Narayana Nethralaya, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Srinivasan Sanjay,
Department of Uveitis and Ocular immunology, Narayana Nethralaya, Bengaluru, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/injr.injr_330_20

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic can cause ocular manifestations which include conjunctivitis to retinal manifestations. A 41-year-old Asian Indian male presented with unilateral blurring, glare, and pain in the left eye (LE), 22 days after COVID-19 infection. He had been administered intravenous steroids followed by oral steroids. Eye evaluation showed corrected distance visual acuity of 20/20 in both the eyes (BEs). Anterior chamber showed inflammation in the LE, a day later in the right eye. Fundus examination of the BE showed retinal pigment epithelial changes with serous elevation suggestive of multifocal serous chorioretinopathy. A month later, he had improvement in his symptoms with no cells in BE with topical steroids with resolution of serous retinopathy. Bilateral anterior uveitis possibly represents an immune-mediated trigger of his clinically quiescent psoriasis causing first-ever uveitis episode, possibly due to COVID-19. Serous chorioretinopathy could be secondary to steroids following treatment of COVID-19-related sequelae.


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