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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 396-401

Urinary vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 as a marker of disease activity in lupus nephritis


1 Department of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Nephrology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Medicine, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. John Mathew
Department of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/injr.injr_288_20

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Objectives: The objective of this study is to study the role of urinary vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (uVCAM-1) as a marker for disease activity in lupus nephritis (LN). Methodology: This was a diagnostic study where patients with active LN were taken as cases and those without LN were taken as disease controls. uVCAM-1 was correlated with the classes of LN and standard of care markers. Results: There was a significant difference between the uVCAM-1 values in cases (59.69 [range: 0.07–13752.5]) pg/mg and controls (2.11 [range − 0.11 − 1138.5] pg/mg [P = 0.02]). Maximum levels of VCAM 1 were seen in Class 4 and Class 5 LN (P = 0.96). Although higher renal systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index score had a higher median value of uVCAM 1, the values were not statistically significant (P = 0.2). There is a positive correlation between the uVCAM1 and anti-double-stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) levels (r = 0.38) and a negative correlation between VCAM 1 levels and C3 (r = −0.19).The sensitivity of uVCAM1 for determining the disease activity was 65.2%, and the specificity was 75% at a cutoff value of more than 23.8 pg/mg. Conclusions: uVCAM 1, although not in isolation, but along with the other standard of care markers may be useful in assessing the disease activity.


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