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BRIEF REPORT
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 149-152

Clinical profile and outcome of kawasaki disease in children in himalayan region of North India


1 Department of Pediatrics, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department of Physiology, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Parveen Bhardwaj
Department of Pediatrics, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla - 171 001, Himachal Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-3698.187418

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Background: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an important cause of acquired heart disease with significant morbidity if not diagnosed and managed appropriately. It is usually under-diagnosed due to lack of knowledge regarding this entity among pediatricians and dermatologists. In this retrospective, tertiary care teaching institute based study clinical profile and outcome of KD in children from Himalayan region of north India was appraised. Methods: Clinical details of all the cases diagnosed as KD over 3 years from January 2011 to December 2013 were collected from inpatient files and outpatient follow-up clinical records. Results: Twelve children were diagnosed to have KD out of which seven had classical KD and five had incomplete KD. Mean age at presentation was 2.45 years and male to female ratio was 1.4:1. All children were treated with intravenous immunoglobulin and aspirin. Two out of 12 children had residual coronary artery disease at 6 weeks, 3 and 6 months of follow-up echocardiography. Conclusions: KD remains an important differential diagnosis for fever, rash, and lymphadenopathy in children <5 years.


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